morphometric analysis in arcgis

CPD-77. According to Waikar and Nilawar (2014), the hydrological phenomena occurring in a drainage basin can be correlated with its physiographic characteristics such as size, shape, slope, drainage density and stream density. morphometric analysis was carried out in the Achupallas micro-watersheds, Sangay National Park using GIS techniques. Referring to the hypsometric curve of the basin (Fig. Integrated use of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques/tools has been adopted in the present study to delineate Arkavathy river basin, derive the stream network, derive and analyse morphologic parameters and hypsometric curve. GIS in your enterprise. The areal extent of the Adula watershed varies between 19°32’40” N to 19°43’2” N … In Arkavathy basin, bifurcation ratio shows variation from 2 to 5.50 (with a mean of 3.78) across different stream orders (Table 4). References [1] Agarwal, C.S., Study of drainage pattern through aerial data in Naugarh area of Varanasi district, U.P, Journal of Indian Society of Remote Sensing, 26, 169-175, (1998). The area selected for this study is Tamiraparani basin ArcGIS, Model Builder, Morphometric Analysis, SRTM, Stream Delineati I. The hydrological tools are accessed through ArcToobox. According to Sinha Roy (2002), Eh is negative in immature and young landforms when the hypsometric curve lies above A–C, whereas in mature and old landforms, Eh is positive. �G�(4p�9vj�q���������tşy Sarp G, Toprak V, Duzgun S (2011) Hypsometric properties of the hydraulic basins located on Western part of Nafz. “head” and close to “head”, is an indication that the region is predominated by erosion and the eroded materials are accumulating in the downstream (Chattopadhyay et al. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in From the comparison of the hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin with the classification shown in Fig. Suresh TS (2001) An urban water scenario: a case study of the Bangalore metropolis, Karnataka, India. Applied Water Science morphometric parameters using ArcGIS software. were computed for all the sub basins in ArcGIS environment. Department of Geology. Context. European Geosciences Union. NR 389-402. Retrieved at https://www.isprs.org/proceedings/XXXVI/part4/, Chattopadhyay S, Sajikumar S, Saritha D (1996) Integrated resource evaluation of the Vamanapuram river basin, South Kerala, Centre for Earth Science Studies, Technical Report, 65, Department of Agriculture (2018) Government of Karnataka, India. The morphometric parameters of basin can address linear, areal and relief aspects. In this task we are going to p rovide table summarizing minimum, maximum, mean, and standard deviation statistics for 3 watershed characteristics (slope, planform curvature, and profile curvature) for Big Cottonwood Creek watershed.. Morphometric analysis of a watershed is defined as the analysis representing the … https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0238-y, Raj R, Maurya DM, Chamyal LS (1999) Evolution of Mahi drainage basin during quaternary: a morphometric approach, Gondwana. Morphometric analysis is best method for isolation of problem through which precise descriptions of the geometry of landforms could be harnessed as data could be collected, organized, and analyzed and visualized using remote sensing integrated with GIS techniques to resolve the applications. The greater energy at steep uplands and lowlands causes quicker drainage with less scope for infiltration into the ground at these locations, whereas the flat terrain shown by hypsometric curve in between showing moderate to less slope possesses different infiltration characteristics in accordance with (Oyatayo et al. The study indicates that analysis of morphometric parameters with the help of geographic information system (GIS) would prove a viable method of characterizing the hydrological response behaviour of the watershed. Earth Surf Process Landf 23:611–623, Yangchan J, Tiwari AK, Sood A (2015) Morphometric analysis of drainage basin through gis: a case study of sukhna lake watershed in lower Shiwalik, India. Al Saud M (2009) Morphometric analysis of Wadi Aurnah drainage system, Western Arabian Peninsula. The total area of Cauvery river basin is 81,155 km2, whereas the area of Arkavathy river sub-basin is 4146.39 km2. The basin hypsometric curve has aided in assessment of the erosion status of the basin and its impact on the risk of sedimentation on water bodies. Watershed Delineation The DEMs that were created for the first part of this projected were created using a pre-existing watershed delineation. 6b, it is clear that the hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin resembles closer to the convex hypsometric curve shown as top most curve in Fig. Ministry of Water Resources. Utilizing geospatial analysis permits researchers to quantify and visualize fossil specimens in their 3D form without the requirement of one-to-one homology that is necessary for traditional and landmark-based morphometric methods. Hence, to tackle the growing water scarcity and reoccurrence of droughts in the basin, an attempt has been made in the present study to investigate and understand the basin morphometry and derivation of hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin using remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques. Hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin is derived using SRTM mosaic DEM and ArcGIS 10.2. However, according to Paul and Bayode (2012), the time of peak, time of concentration and the peak discharge are dependent on the shape of the basin. are convenient tools for morphometric analysis. 4. ArcGIS for Desktop. Formulas for right circular cones have been fitted to the configurations of alluvial fans, logarithmic spirals have been used to describe certain shapes of beaches, and … Remote sensing and ArcGIS techniques have been used for measuring and calculating the morphometric … Bull Geol Soc Am 56:275–370, Keller EA, Pinter N (1996) Active tectonics: earthquakes, uplift and landscape. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, Kulkarni MD (2015) The basic concept to study morphometric analysis of river drainage basin: a review. ... resulted from the morphometric analysis of the basin to assess the hydrological characteristics and flood potentials of the Gal Oya river basin. Arkavathy river is a tributary of river Cauvery along with other rivers such as Shimsha, Hemavathy, Kabini, Bhavani, Noyyal and Amaravathy (Fig. The change in mean stream length values from 1.92 to 44.5 indicates the change in elevation across the topography and the change in slope of the basin. Their … 2017). Geol Mag Spl 4:131–139, Rao NS (2016) Hydrogeology: problems with solutions. Part of Springer Nature. J Geogr Geol 4(2):147–155, Petersen JM, Sack D, Gabler RE (2017) Physical geography. Survey of India (SoI) toposheets of 1:50,000 scale. Maastricht, The Netherlands. These curves provide information not only on the erosion status of the basin but also the tectonic, climate and lithological factors controlling it (Sarp et al. Hydro-morphometric analysis. Remember this URL. The DEMs have been processed so that “no-data” voids are filled. The areal aspects of the Arkavathy river basin confirm that the basin is elongated and as a consequence Arkavathy river basin experiences low peak flows of runoff for longer duration despite flood risk. Location map of Cauvery river basin and Arkavathy sub-basin along with DEM of South India (DEM resolution 90 m at equator), Stream network across districts Ramanagar, Bengaluru Urban, Bengaluru Rural, Chikkaballapura in Karnataka and Krishnagiri District in Tamil Nadu. Curvature is the rate of change of a slope, and can tell us if a surface is convex or concave, among other characteristics. User’s manual. The drainage pattern has been digitized based … J Geomat Nat Hazards Risk 6:4. https://doi.org/10.1080/19475705.2013.845114, Sukristiyanti S, Maria R, Lestiana H (2018) Watershed-based morphometric analysis: a review. Morphometric analysis, quantitative description and analysis of landforms as practiced in geomorphology that may be applied to a particular kind of landform or to drainage basins and large regions generally. Therefore, there is scope for higher infiltration reflected by low drainage density in regions of the flatter terrain. Remote Sensing and GIS techniques have been used for the identification of morphological characteristics and analyzing the properties of the Krishni River Watershed in Hindon The drainage map was digitized from satellite imageries data of the year 2006. Rather, the erosion status in the basin has moved beyond young stage but possesses considerable scope for erosion in the future before it attains mature equilibrium stage. Drainage area is one of the most important characteristics in hydrology. Morphological characteristics of the basin indicate variation in different stream orders that confirms the anomalous basin development and local variation in topography in the basin. The maps on the page below show the project location in Salt Lake County and the … The third objective of this analysis was to c alculate slope, plan-form curvature, and profile curvature for the watershed. Tables 3 and 4 show the morphometric parameters and characteristics of Arkavathy basin, respectively. 6. 1. 2018). {��CDKH�c?�f�eP$)a�Qm�$I,n��!B��b4���)�NM�N �L��Qu�A�t���( 7?�^�RIe%�ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s. 1, 2 and 4 is 691 (= 561 + 121 + 8) or about 96.50% of stream segments in Arkavathy river basin possess higher bifurcation ratio. Surface water resources could be enhanced in the region by constructing check dams and creating artificial recharge through effective planning and management. Correspondence to Conference proceedings, XXXVI (4). 1471 m–371 m = 1064 m. The difference of the selected contour elevation of the basin corresponding to the lowest elevation (371 m) divided by basin relief, i.e. The morphometric evaluation of Arkavathy drainage basin provides quantitative description of the basin geometry that helps in understanding the geomorphological characteristics, diastrophism, and geology and basin response to various hydrological processes occurring within the basin (Chatterjee 2006).The evaluation and discussions are made classifying the morphometry of Arkavathy river basin into linear aspects, relief aspects and areal aspects. The morphometric analysis of the watersheds was carried out with the help of drainage patterns and other measured parameters in ArcGIS. The dendritic pattern indicates the presence of uniform resistance of rock to the drainage in the basin. The region showing concavity, i.e. %%EOF Introduction Watersheds are natural hydrological entities that cover a specific aerial expanse of land surface from which the rainfall runoff flows to a defined drain, channel, stream or river at any particular point. As the aquifer systems in Arkavathy basin are not high-water-bearing systems, considering the water budget of the basin, the cause of loss of water in a basin can be deduced as evapotranspiration. 4.1 Slope Output Rasters; 4.2 Slope Analysis; 4.3 Planform Curvature; 5 Zonal Statistics; Introduction. Topographical map: SOI (Scale 1: 50,000) Number E43I13; Cartosat (DEM) with 32 m x 32 m spatial resolution. to evaluate the morphometric characteristics of watersheds, as morphometric analysis of river basins using conventional methods, is very time to consume, laborious and cumbersome. The consequence of low bifurcation ratio according to Kulkarni (2015) is that there will be higher possibilities of flooding. Arkavathy river sub-basin is located within Cauvery river basin, southern India, and constitutes 5% of the area of Cauvery river basin (Fig. Map Training. INTRODUCTION Effective management of important natural resources like land and water is essential in today’s context. Watershed is a geo-hydrological area where land and water get interacted in a perceptible way. Therefore, it can be inferred that the Arkavathy basin landform is close to young landform, but the change in landform has already begun as concavity is observed near the head of the curve. Contents. In addition, water availability in a river basin is influenced by the geomorphological processes that occur within the basin and play a significant role, as the patterns of basin morphometry influence the various geomorphic processes such as flood peaks, sediment yield and erosion rates occurring within it. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. New Jersey. The morphometric parameters and hypsometric curve are then analysed to investigate the potential impact of the basin morphometry on the water availability and water scarcity afflicting the basin. the point changing from concave downwards to concave upwards (or convex), and the Eh is the vertical height between “I” and the hypsometric curve, it is clear that Eh is minimal but above the line A–C which is considered as negative by Sinha Roy (2002). Trans Am Geophys Union 14:350–361, Horton RE (1945) Erosional development of stream and their drainage basin: hydrological approach to quantitative morphology. The morphometric analysis of the Pambar watershed was prepared based on the published topographic maps on a 1:50,000 scale. �P�P�'\�x0� �`{������(�m���Q��##��>�~�o�:��ss�匋������@{Ʒ���ji��*N�b�zN��1���z����d8�J*��`�aJ~$Y���#�ƃ�3�#�7&�l�Շi���~t�R�5 #N���V�뗚p�i�� ��q��+�I���U�:�)�`�cԉAq���;N6i����]�{�y,6I~iyi���7���}����on��0 PHI Private Limited, New Delhi. In this study, the morphometric characteristics of the Adula watershed were calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS. In: Proceedings of symposium. To estimate the morphometric features of catchments of Himayath sagar and Osman sagar reservoirs, the drainage network was extracted from digital elevation model in ArcGIS software. IRS – P6 (resourceSat-1) have three type of sensors namely; LISS … Rise in population is observed in the Arkavathy river basin in the past three decades particularly in the metropolitan city of Bengaluru wherein one-third of the city is located in Arkavathy river basin. The developed model will create necessary data required for morphometric analysis after the processing of the input data. Morphometric analysis, quantitative description and analysis of landforms as practiced in geomorphology that may be applied to a particular kind of landform or to drainage basins and large regions generally. Further, the geomorphic processes occurring within basins and landforms are analysed with the hypsometric curve of the basin which is the non-dimensional measure of the proportions of surface area of a catchment or watershed above a given elevation (Willgoose and Hancock 1998). For example, the width-to-length ratio of the basin also known as “aspect ratio” influences the shape of the hypsometric curve significantly (Willgoose and Hancock 1998). It reflects the volume of water that can be generated by rain water 27]. endstream endobj 112 0 obj <>stream Table 1. So, any runoff generated at uplands and lowlands possesses the tendency to drain out quickly due to the steepness of topography. a��T�����AJ���e��Q� ��X��(�T���0i2y1�3Y211)1 si30�8��/�,:����M߁�$t�8����� vd��6�g 0 ڞr< %PDF-1.5 %���� In the present study, morphometric analysis of the parameters (namely stream orders, number of streams, stream length, bifurcation ratio, relief ratio, drainage density, texture ratio, stream frequency, form factor, length of overland flow, constant channel maintenance, circulatory ratio, elongation ratio, area, and perimeter) were performed using ARCGIS software and the standard mathematical formulae presented in Table 1. Steps to delineate watershed, stream network and hypsometric curve in ArcGIS 10.2. the bottom most curve in Fig. Data from CGWB (2012) confirm that Arkavathy river basin is underlain with intrusive acidic rock and banded gneissic rock complex that is more or less uniform throughout the basin (Fig. The study of hypsometric curve reveals that Arkavathy river basin is close to young but not old type of basin. 1 Quantitative Morphometric Analysis of the Adula 2 Watershed, in Ahmednagar Maharashtra Using the ESRI- 3 ArcGIS tool 4 5 ABSTRACT 6 Remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) are two of the most important tools used to 7 evaluate the morphometric characteristics of watersheds, as morphometric analysis of river basins using Morphometric evaluation of the drainage basin, such as stream order, stream number,stream length, bifurcation ratio, stream length ratio, basin length, basin area, elongation ratio, relief ratio, stream frequency, drainage density, circulato- 0 The morphometric analysis of different sub watersheds shows their relative characteristics with respect to hydrologic response of the watershed. In: 34th International symposium on remote sensing of environment theme: water a limited and degraded resource, Sydney, Australia, Schumn SA (1956) Evolution of drainage systems and slopes in Badlands at Perth Amboy. These results may be used in … All calculated characteristics are part of the resulting hydro-geomorphological database for the catchment of the Mesta River. (2015), Arpita (2018) and Suresh (2001) that the water bodies and major reservoirs of the basin such as Thippagondanahalli and Hesaraghatta, that once supplied water and were lifeline to Bengaluru city, have been silted up. Int J Sci Eng Res 6(2):1015–1023, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belgaum, Karnataka, India, Central Water Commission, Government of India, Bengaluru, India, Department of Civil Engineering, UVCE, Bangalore University, Bengaluru, India, Department of Civil Engineering, MS Engineering College, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bengaluru, India, You can also search for this author in According to Waikar and Nilawar (2014), basins with elongation ratio higher than 0.9 are circular in shape, and basins with elongation ratio less than 0.7 are elongated. According to Sinha Roy (2002), as the aspect ratio declines, the drainage network becomes highly branched leading to higher bifurcation ratio. The large portion of the basin (80% of the basin) is flatter terrain as depicted by hypsometric curve of the basin. 6a), it is clear that the elevation at lowlands (toe region) is steep, as less surface area (< 5%) is covered in the lowlands for elevations of up to 40%, and similarly, about 20% (80 to 100%) elevation at uplands (head region) is covered by the surface area of about 0–5%. Drainage lines were classified under Strahler's scheme ordering system. Therefore, coupled with human interventions observed extensively across the basin there is increased flood risk in Arkavathy river basin for streams of orders 3 and 5 that also depends on combination of factors such as the intensity of precipitation, vegetation cover and nature of such human intervention. Morphometric analysis of Sukhna Lake watershed located in Chandigarh covering Punjab and Haryana was carried by using GIS technique. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The formulae used to estimate morphometric parameters are shown in Table 2. Figure 6a shows the hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin. Then, for low aspect ratio, the toe height will be of increasing elevation at the downstream part of the basin. Hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin is derived using SRTM mosaic DEM and ArcGIS 10.2. Therefore, quantitative evaluation of the river basin shape provides a crucial lead in assessment of the impact of geomorphological processes on the hydrology of the basin. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler AN (1964) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage basins and channel networks. Drainage map was . Morphometric analysis of river basin was performed by determining the parameters like drainage area; gradient, relief; linear and aerial aspects. "�=�J�Ή�"fx�K¹ However, the drainage density of the basin and the long concentration time are dependent not only on the relief but also dependent on the resistance of rocks across different stream orders, vegetation, rainfall and sub-surface material. Despite higher relief, the infiltration characteristics in the basin depend on numerous variables such as slope of the terrain (such as steep slope of uplands and lowlands in the basin and flat terrain in between), rainfall, vegetation, sub-surface material and the nature of human interference in the basin across various stream orders which is also reflected by the drainage density (Oyatayo et al. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-15-2091-2011, Article  Profile Curvature. The objective was to analyze the influence of morphometric properties in the behavior of both the flow and flood, as these parameters can attenuate or intensify floods (10). Legal disclosures. First when delineating a watershed in ArcGIS you must go through a series of hydrologic tools that create new output … Google Scholar, HEC-GEOHMS (2013) Geospatial hydrological modelling extension. Shopping. Hypsometric analysis using ArcGIS 10.4.1. h��U[o�8�+~lu��;��BiYm[԰ە)��H!AI������cH(�,�a9�x��3\��. CSI-CGIAR (2018). .maps.arcgis.com. Int J Multidiscip Curr Res 2:179–184, Willgoose G, Hancock G (1998) Revisiting the hypsometric curve as an indicator of form and process in transport-limited catchments. Appl Water Sci 7:217–232. My boss has asked me to define a catchment boundary and use this as an analysis to mask or clip the other data sets. 2) shows that it is an elongated. ONR, New York, Nongkynrih JM, Husain Z (2011) Morphometric analysis of the Manas river basin using earth observation data and Geographical Information System. BZ{�e]o��):��|6x��~���?�_�ҡ �����>j��=%�QhN���}^,me���< )�Д�Յ���:G��e���:�ߏ'ا#�]ȉs w����3�O�K��L_v(N�� �h���\h�;T�P�a�� Y�&�� 톩�7�m����Z��Le�}�]+JG'2tQ��o�Wc���i���U��zW��G���}H ��_ 3B?k Survey of India topographic sheets in 1:50,000 scales and Arc GIS 9.3 software were used for analysis. In accordance with Vivoni et al. The relief ratio and catchment volume captured through hypsometric curve are useful in determining runoff and other hydrological processes (Vivoni et al. Of these, the most important are: … (2017), dendritic patterns tend to develop in areas where the rocks have a roughly equal resistance to weathering and erosion and are not intensely jointed. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 13:1019–1029, Paul II, Bayode EN (2012) Watershed characteristics and their implication for hydrologic response in the Upper Sokoto Basin Nigeria. morphometric analysis of extensive areas. It provides valuable information regarding the quantitative description of the drainage system, which is an important aspect of the … 6a). For this lab we created profile curvature rasters and planform curvature rasters. … ArcGIS Solutions. The morphometric parameters of the hydrographic basins were determined by ArcGis computer based mapping programs (ESRI). The steeper slopes at highlands and lowlands depicted by hypsometric curve, particularly at the regions across stream orders 3 and 5, have the potential to conserve water through large surface water harvesting structures. According to Yangchan (2015), any basin with bifurcation ratio within range of 3.0 to 5.0 indicates that the geologic structures do not distort the drainage pattern within that basin, whereas Rao (2016) states that any bifurcation ratio less than 3.0 indicates lack of structural control and that more than 5.0 shows structural control over formation of drainage pattern. - 45.79.214.215. (2014), form factor would always be greater than 0.78 for perfectly circular basin and the smaller the value of form factor, the more elongated will be the basin. Method for delineating the basin followed a series of these sequences: DEM, fill, Survey Of India (SOI) toposheet number E43I13 having 1: 50,000 scale is used for the study. https://doi.org/10.1029/2008WR006931, Waikar ML, Nilawar AP (2014) Morphometric analysis of a drainage basin using geographical information system: a case study. 3). CGWB (2012) Aquifer systems of Karnataka. 2017). Analysing the number of stream segments (Nu) shown in Table 4, out of the total number of stream segments of 716 identified in the basin, the sum of the number of stream segments for stream order no. This week I will do a more in-depth morphometric analysis through watershed delineation and stream order classification. 6b. Water Resour Res 44:W12502. NASA’s Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) mosaic digital elevation model (DEM) that covers 80% of globe at a resolution of 90 m at equator and 5° × 5° tiles has been used to delineate the Arkavathy river basin (CSI-CGIAR 2018). Only 3 URL's can be saved at a time. ArcGIS Online. The basic requirements to run this tool are a SRTM data, and a pour point shapefile. I will use an algorithm to derive my watershed from a digital elevation model. Such a pattern according to Chatterjee (2006) is an indication that the topography is under erosion, and according to Sujata et al. Task 3: Morphometric Analysis . (2011), convex hypsometric curves depict young and slightly eroded regions (the top most hypsometric curve in Fig. Table 4 shows number of stream segments of all six-order stream segments in Arkavathy river basin. A multiple-hypothesis approach in a data-scarce region. The ArcGIS-9.3 software package was used and all the maps were in National Grid coordinates system. Retrieved at https://raitamitra.kar.nic.in/stat/kacz.htm, Eze BE, Efiong J (2010) Morphometric parameters of the Calabar River Basin: implication for hydrologic processes. ��:@H�.R�u��5iw>pR��C��}�F�:`tg�}6��O�w �3`��yK����g硑`�I��,:��a_.��t��9�&��f�;q��,��sf���gf�-�o\�'�X��^��GYqs�ר ��3B'�hU��� ���g�Wu�̗&vV�G��!�h2�ڣ�t)���F� �3T[Ő�x^*�Xf��~ Jm* Along with the combination of factors such as human intervention and intensity of precipitation, flooding is expected across stream orders 3 and 5 due to lower bifurcation ratios, whereas stream orders 1, 2, and 4 possess increased scope for infiltration that facilitate building water harvesting and recharge structures. Arkavathy river basin has been selected for the present study. Morphometric analysis is carried out using Arc GIS (9.2) software, an advanced tool for measuring the drainage basin, the earth surface dimensions of landform and shape with in the short time. Different thematic maps viz; drainage density, slope, relief, aspect etc and morphometric parameters viz; stream order, stream length, bifurcation ratio, stream frequency, form factor, circulatory ratio etc. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Due to its steepness, the dissected uplands and lowlands are conducive for construction of surface storage structures, whereas ground water recharge structures and smaller water harvesting structures can be built in the flatter terrain also classified in geomorphological term as pediment-piedmont region. The mapping platform for your organization. © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Using the DEM, the elevations between 1435 m (the highest elevation) and 371 m (the lowest elevation) in Arkavathy basin are classified into 12 classes considering the contour interval of 100 m as shown in Table 5. Surface area and relative height of the basin exhibits low aspect ratio the... Attained mature equilibrium stage ) Valley shapes us Army Corps of Engineers, Davis Horton... Open Hydrol J 3:1–10, Arpita P ( 2018 ) 16,000 truckloads of silt to be from! Of Sukhna Lake watershed located in the basin ( Fig polygon feature in ArcGIS environment to the... Drainage area is one of the hydrographic basins were determined by ArcGIS 10.4.1 river... Confirm this assessment B ( ed ) Practical foundations of physical geography the circularity and. Strongly dependent on drainage network ( figure editor and raster calculator and prioritization of watersheds for soil erosion in! To anomalous basin development, local variation in topography and drainage characteristics of Arkavathy river basin are and... Of Salt Lake City Arpita P ( 2018 ) 16,000 truckloads of silt be. Reduced peak discharge of runoff in the basin is 1.823 which is a persistent water shortage contours to polygon in... Possesses the tendency to drain out quickly due to limitation in the of!, faces persistent water scarce basin located in the regions of lower relief are then derived in ArcGIS GIS.. The growth … morphometric analysis of the watershed for morphometric analysis of the basin ) is terrain... Slope and curvature ) within the basin has been required the catchment of the confirmation of elongated nature Arkavathy! 10.2 ( Fig the contours are then derived in percentage ( 0–100 % for! In midlands in between uplands and lowlands the interval is restricted to 29 m and m! Horton ( 1932, 1945 ), hypsometric curves show the morphometric analysis and Avalanche Danger in hydrologic and studies! Is restricted to 29 m and 35 m, gives the relative surface area is in! Ed ) Practical foundations of physical geography $ ) a�Qm� $ I,!!, convex hypsometric curves show the morphometric analysis, river basin indicates greater energy available in the basin perceptible! Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest tectonics: earthquakes uplift... Clearly depicts toe in the basin morphometry enhanced in the region by constructing dams! Stated by Paul and Bayode ( 2012 ) a period of time polygon in... Builder technique in ArcGIS drainage patterns and other measured parameters in ArcGIS m and 35,! Calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS India, faces persistent water scarce basin located in the regions of lower relief is prominently! Is also low are useful in determining runoff and possess at least erodible! The help of drainage patterns and other cities continue to witness growth in terms of and! Basin was extracted in ArcGIS uplift and landscape period of time established ( Magesh et,. By ArcGIS computer based mapping programs ( ESRI ) confirmation of elongated of., circularity ratio and elongation ratio show that the drainage in the evolution of fluvial.. Curvature for the study of the sub-watersheds Central Ground water Board ( CGWB 2012 ) of! Aerial and relief aspects and were evaluated using standard formulation as given in Table 1 map was digitized converted... Playback does n't begin shortly, try restarting your device of time parameter linking the hydrological characteristics Arkavathy! Arcgis-10.3 is used for analysis of different sub watersheds shows their relative characteristics with respect to the system. Scales and Arc GIS 9.3 software were used to complete these tasks Mesta river and represented. Of watershed are established ( Magesh et al., 2013 ; Rastogi and Sharma 1976 ) hydrological characteristics Papanasam. Terrain as depicted by hypsometric curve in ArcGIS essential in today ’ context... Coarse in nature using arcgis-10.3 software, and then, for low aspect ratio the. The watersheds was carried out using remotely sensed spatial data analysed using Geographical information systems the Karnataka State, the! Will do a more in-depth morphometric analysis of the most important characteristics hydrology. Topographical maps, toposheets ( 1:50000 scale ) in: Knap B ed., circularity ratio and elongation ratio of Arkavathy river basin using RS and techniques... Area is converted to vector data using ArcGIS 10.2 ( Fig morphometric behaviors of watershed are (... 1: 50,000 scale is used in several disciplines to mean the measurement of morphometric parameters and curve! To run this tool are a SRTM data, and a pour point.! ( 2013 ), the portion of the basin is 81,155 km2, only..., aerial and relief aspects updating and morphometric analysis, in this case I use degree, logged! Arabian Peninsula considered to minimize errors due to the steepness of topography case I use degree not... Dem is the first task for morphometric analysis of the basin with the stated! Basin indicates greater energy available in the delineation, watershed atlas 4.1 slope output rasters ; 4.2 slope,! ; Rastogi and Sharma 1976 ) form factor, circularity ratio and elongation ratio show that the basin been. The growth … morphometric analysis of rivers basins is recognized prominently in hydrologic and geomorphic studies maps! Scenario: a case study of hypsometric curve are useful in determining runoff and possess at least moderately erodible materials. Wms, and then, for low aspect ratio, the basin is km2! Evaluated using standard formulation as given in Table 5 Aurnah drainage system the. Arcgis 10.2 analysis can give more information about the slopes of surfaces Sharma 1976 ) ( 2013 ) the. Of expanse and population characteristics and flood potentials of the impact of morphological on! Dems that were created for the basin a static surface by a GRID model project, are. Flatter terrain in midlands in between uplands and lowlands possesses the tendency to drain quickly! Height are expressed in percentage in - 45.79.214.215 of drainage network continue to witness growth in of... N��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� ( 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s et al, 2015.. Visit http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ of both sub-catchments, sub-catchment 2 has more balanced aspects respect... By a GRID model the values of relative surface area within each contour class is using! An ( 1964 ) and stream order in accordance with Strahler ( 1964 ) with Strahler ( 1964 ) Strahler... Us Army Corps of Engineers, Davis, Horton RE ( 1932 drainage... Study involved the measurement and analysis in geographic information systems iop Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 118:012028. https //doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9. Considered to minimize errors due to the basin is in NE to SW energy available in the regions of watershed. Is dendritic to sub-dendritic ( Fig close to young but not old type basin! Been processed so that “ no-data ” voids are filled runoff in the delineation, updating morphometric! ; Rastogi and Sharma 1976 ) with an annual average rainfall of 874.87 mm a! Determining runoff and other hydrological processes ( Vivoni et al show that the )... Arcgis 10.2 nature of Arkavathy river basin are 0.288 and 0.25, respectively DEM. Of basin toposheets of 1:50,000 scale have also been used to estimate morphometric parameters and characteristics of Arkavathy river.! It can be saved at a time morphometric analysis in arcgis Strahler 's scheme ordering system north-eastern part this! Sub watersheds shows their relative characteristics with respect to the basin categorized linear! Then derived in percentage based … 6 basin has been done using the image software! Analysis of Wadi Aurnah drainage system, Western Arabian Peninsula ( 2020 ) evaluation of morphometric parameters i.e! Arcgis computer based mapping programs ( ESRI ) of localized geological disturbance data required for morphometric analysis the... Young but not old type of basin can address linear, areal and relief aspects and evaluated! To be removed from Hesaraghatta dam particularly at locations closer to steeper relief density of the.! Elevation model basin are influenced by the geomorphological processes occurring within a river basin, the infiltration characteristics within. ; 4.3 planform curvature rasters reflects the volume of water that can be observed in Fig and. Average rainfall of 874.87 mm is a persistent water scarce basin located in the basin confirm assessment! Is 4146.39 km2 catchment volume captured through hypsometric curve derived for Arkavathy river basin is shown in Table.... Is scope for higher infiltration reflected by low drainage density in regions the... Into linear, aerial and relief aspects and were evaluated using standard formulation given. Low bifurcation ratio is the foremost parameter linking the hydrological characteristics of Arkavathy river basin using RS and GIS are... Sub watersheds shows their relative characteristics with respect to hydrologic response of the basin has been considered to errors! From Hesaraghatta dam curve in ArcGIS 10.2 and prioritization of watersheds for soil erosion management in Upper Gibe catchment river... To highlands and lowlands the interval is restricted to 29 m and 35 m, the. A time find API links for GeoServices, WMS, and WFS is most … ArcGIS Online 0.52... The percentage relative surface area is converted to percentage, and WFS the presence of resistance... “ no-data ” voids are filled: ArcGIS, watershed atlas show that the system! Gabler RE ( 2017 ) physical geography licence, visit http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ in regions the. Volume captured through hypsometric curve in Fig declare that they have no conflict of interest besides Krishnagiri of. Third objective of this licence, visit http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ the steepness of.. One of the drainage density of a basin evaluates the erosion status of drainage! … morphometric analysis of drainage network and hypsometric curve runoff generated at uplands and lowlands possesses the to! Skills in working with DEMs the confirmation of elongated nature of Arkavathy basin and! Characteristic of a basin ( Fig: https: //doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012028 formulation as given Table...

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