Since this time it has taken on a life of it’s own. Stalinism definition is - the political, economic, and social principles and policies associated with Stalin; especially : the theory and practice of communism developed by Stalin from Marxism-Leninism and marked especially by rigid authoritarianism, widespread … Stalin instituted a series of three centrally-mandated “Five-Year Plans” which massively expanded the Soviet economy. After Stalin's death in 1953, his successor Nikita Khrushchev repudiated his policies, condemned Stalin's cult of personality in his Secret Speech to the Twentieth Party Congress in 1956, and instituted destalinization and liberalization (within the same political framework). This is not an official Dummies product but perhaps it should be. Lenin had introduced the NEP in place of the old war communism, steering a moderate course in economic policies, which was very different from Stalin’s program of rapid and ruthless state-run industrialization. ... KCCIS Y12 - IB HISTORY Marxism BY: MELANIE AND ADRIAN 1 KCCIS Y12 - IB HISTORY According to Marxist theory, Socialism could only exist in a highly industrialized state, where the overwhelming majority of the population were workers. He believed that these changes were necessary to make Marxism work in Russia. The main contributions of Stalin to communist theory were: Stalin established himself as the supreme leader of Russia, eliminating anyone who openly criticized him or opposed his policies and using the Cheka, the police, the military and his intelligence organization to ensure that no person succeeded in questioning his authority. The “ordinovists” not only defended and organised the workers in the factory occupations in 1920 but became the theoretical leaders who clarified the role of workers’ control of industry. Barnett, Vincent. Lazar Kaganovich, a … Therefore I propose to the comrades that a way be found to remove Stalin from that post and replace him with someone else who differs from Stalin in all respects, someone more patient, more loyal, more polite, more considerate. Furthermore, Lenin ended the Red terror and restricted the Cheka’s powers after the civil war. They point out that Lenin’s style of politics was much more flexible than that of Stalin, who introduced a totally “orthodox” regime. Entries in Lenin’s political journal show that Lenin later had doubts about Stalin and wanted to remove him: Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary has immeasurable power concentrated in his hands, and I am not sure that he always knows how to use that power with sufficient control. It was also necessary to establish industry capable of producing armaments of sufficient quantity and quality to fight a modern war. Suggested reading: Marxism and the National Question. Marxism uses the Hegelian framework of historical development and establishes materialism and class conflict as the driving force of this development. It says it should be a dictatorship of the proletariat (the working class holds the power). The number of labour camps increased from 80 in 1919 to 315 by 1923. Ok well I have been for the past couple of hours researching Joseph Stalin and Hitler.... Of course I know Hitler so I am not worried at all about that, however, I am confused to what exactly Stalin did and who is was. He got the name Stalin while he was a revolutionary. Stalinism is the regime named after Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union. Stalin was not an original theoretician, but an able communicator who wrote several books easily understood by the public, and prided himself on maintaining the legacy of Lenin as a founding father for the Soviet Union and the future Socialist world. Stalinism is associated with a regime of terror and totalitarian rule. Therefore, political repression was necessary to prevent them from succeeding in their presumed goal of destroying the Soviet Union. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',167,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',167,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',167,'0','2'])); Lenin appointed Stalin to the key position of [[General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union|general secretary]], which gave him the power to appoint, dismiss or promote party members on all levels and thus build a base of political power. ). Stalinism is a colloquial term for the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. Suggested reading: Marxism and the National Question. Others compare Stalin with Ivan IV of Russia, with his policies of oprichnina and restriction of the liberties of common people. Maoism, doctrine consisting of the ideology and methodology for revolution developed by Mao Zedong and his associates in the Chinese Communist Party from the 1920s until Mao’s death in 1976. Stalin wanted to prove the Socialist system to be at least the equal of the capitalism in living standards as well as industrial output, and present Communism as a viable alternative to any capitalist form of government. The term used in the Soviet Union and by most who uphold its legacy, however, is "Marxism-Leninism." He also wanted to prove himself as Lenin's equal and successor, and believed that an economic transformation of the USSR would establish him as a leader of great importance. While Stalin regarded enemies within the party as Western agents, Mao proposed that the enemy was a domestic bourgeoisie which aimed at the restoration of capitalism. The relationship between Stalinism and Leninism is disputed. Stalin's immediate successors, however, continued to follow the basic principles of Stalin's rule; the political monopoly of the Communist Party presiding over a command economy, and a security service able to suppress dissent. The Chinese bureaucracy, having seen the collapse of Stalinism in the USSR and Eastern Europe, sought a way to invigorate their economy and maintain their privileged positions. Industries made use of the unpaid labor of both common and political prisoners in labor camps, and communists and Komsomol members were frequently “mobilized” to work on various construction projects. Mao Zedong developed Stalin's idea further, saying that there is an entire bourgeoisie inside the Communist Party, leading a socialist state before the establishment of communism. Occasionally, the compound terms "Marxism-Leninism-Stalinism" (used by the Brazilian MR-8), or teachings of Marx/Engels/Lenin/Stalin, are used to imply an alleged heritage and succession. George Orwell's "1984" is not the only classic that's celebrating a comeback. Join Date Feb 2012. Leninism was an attempt to translate Marxism into the real world; but in the transition from philosophy to reality, Lenin broke from Marx‘s strategy in a number of ways. Another Soviet Communist leader, Leonid Brezhnev, discouraged the disagreements that were propagated during Khru…  Under Mao, the People's Republic grew antagonistic towards the new Soviet leadership's "revisionism," resulting in the Sino-Soviet Split in 1960. Maoism, doctrine consisting of the ideology and methodology for revolution developed by Mao Zedong and his associates in the Chinese Communist Party from the 1920s until Mao’s death in 1976. Official Soviet estimates placed it at 13.9 percent, Russian and Western estimates gave lower figures of 5.8 percent and even 2.9 percent. Maoism accepts many of the ideas of Stalinism, but rejects others. For example, Lenin put a ban on factions within the Communist Party and introduced the one-party state in 1921, a move that enabled Stalin to easily get rid of his rivals after Lenin's death. It is thought to be one of the first steps towards socialism (where the workers own the factories, etc.). It is largely synonymous with totalitarianism, or a tyrannical regime [?] Think - 'Politics for Dummies'! In the 1930s Stalin staged a series of show trials in which thousands of prominent ind… In this view, Lenin's death left a power vacuum which allowed the most brutal of his successors to successfully gain power through manipulation and intrigue. Baathism. Listen to a recorded reading of this page. Stalinism or Trotsky Even though I have the strangest feeling that this debate has been hacked to death, I have always been wondering what are the differences between the two camps. At the end of the 1920s, Stalin launched a wave of radical economic policies which completely overhauled the industrial and agricultural face of the Soviet Union. The consumption of ordinary Soviet citizens was severely restricted and agricultural production and private wealth were appropriated to provide capital for investment in industry. Marx had envisioned communist revolutions taking place in more developed and advanced capitalist states, but Lenin’s communism was implemented in Russia, an economically stagnant country mainly inhabited by … Are authoritarian, which was later radicalized by Stalin https: //www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php? title=Stalinism & oldid=1030112, Commons... 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